IP Explanation and Ratings

EN 60529 outlines an international classification system for the sealing effectiveness of enclosures of electrical equipment against the intrusion into the equipment of foreign bodies (i.e. tools, dust, fingers) and moisture. This classification system utilizes the letters "IP" ("Ingress Protection") followed by two or three digits. (A third digit is sometimes used. An "x" is used for one of the digits if there is only one class of protection; i.e. IPX4 which addresses moisture resistance only.)

Degrees of Protection - First Digit

The first digit of the IP code indicates the degree that persons are protected against contact with moving parts (other than smooth rotating shafts, etc.) and the degree that equipment is protected against solid foreign bodies intruding into an enclosure.


First Digit Description
0 No special protection
1 Protection from a large part of the body such as a hand (but no protection from deliberate access); from solid objects     greater than 50mm in diameter.
2 Protection against fingers or other object not greater than 80mm in length and 12mm in diameter.
3 Protection from entry by tools, wires, etc., with a diameter of thickness greater than 1.0mm.
4 Protection from entry by solid objects with a diameter or thickness greater than 1.0mm
5 Protection from the amount of dust that would interfere with the operation of the equipment.
6 Dust tight.


Degrees of Protection - Second Digit

The second digit indicates the degree of protection of the equipment inside the enclosure against the harmful entry of various forms of moisture (e.g. dripping, spraying, submersion, etc.)


Second Digit Description
0 No special protection
1 Protection from dripping water.
2 Protection from vertically dripping water.
3 Protection from sprayed water.
4 Protection from splashed water.
5 Protection from water projected from a nozzle
6 Protection against heavy seas, or powerful jets of water.
7 Protection against immersion.
8 Protection against complete, continuous submersion in water


Submersion depth and time must be specified by the end-user. The requirement must be more onerous than IP67

The IP Code Symbols

The chart at the right illustrates the use of special symbols in the IP classification system. In the "1st digit" column, not the grid-like symbols net to numbers 5 and 6. In the "2nd digit" column numbers 3-8 are symbolised by teardrop shaped symbols, sometimes enclosed in a box or a triangle, sometimes unenclosed (#7-8). These symbols can be placed on equipment to illustrate the IP protection provided.

IP54 =

IP Letter Code ____ IP
1st Digit ______5
2nd Digit _______4
1st Digit   Protection from solid objects 2nd Digit   Protection from moisture
0   Not protected 0   Not protected
1   Protected against solid objects greater than 50mm 1   Protected against dripping water
2   Protected against solid objects greater than 12mm 2   Protected against dripping water when tolted up to 15°
3   Protected against solid objects greater than 2.5mm Ø
3   Protected against spraying water
4   Protected against solid objects greater than 1.0mm Ø 4   Protected against splashing water
5   Dust protected 5   Protected against water jets
6   Dust tight 6   Protected against heavy seas
Note: EN 60529 does not specify sealing effectiveness against the following: mechanical damage of the equipment; the risk of explosions; certain types of moisture conditions, e.g. those that are produced by condensation; corrosive vapours; funus; vermin. 7   Protected against the effects of immersion
8   Protected against submersion (see note)

Last updated: 10-10-2013 07:20:15

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